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      ARTICLES

      2012 Summary of the global feed processing industry

      2013 ALLTECH Global Feed Summary: Global feed production statistics have traditionally been difficult to quantify because many countries lack national feed associations.

      For this reason, Alltech began in late 2011 to leverage its global presence to obtain a more accurate estimate of the world's feed tonnage. The results of the annual year-end assessment were announced in January as an industry outlook resource for the new calendar year.

      For its second report, Alltech assessed the compound feed production of 134 countries in December 2012. Where possible, information was obtained in partnership with local feed associations and, when not possible, it was done utilizing information gathered by the more than 500 members of Alltech’s global salesforce, who visit more than 26,000 feed mills on an annual basis.

      When reviewing the data, there are two considerations to bear in mind. First, numbers for less developed countries may be less accurate, but given their size, this will have little numerical influence on the overall dataset. Second, the definition of feed, feed mill and species varies from country to country.

      Overall, the new results affirm a growing feed industry with a global feed tonnage of 954.4 million, a 9 percent increase over the late 2011 estimates of 873 million. The actual underlying growth is likely to be about 4 to 5 percent since the latest results include new sources of information not available in 2011 and identify more accurately the statistics for individual species. China, Brazil, India and Russia (BRIC) represented 33 million tons of the increase.



      No.CountryTotal Tonnage (million) 2012
      1China198.340
      2USA168.460
      3Brazil66.285
      4Mexico28.536
      5Spain28.231
      6India26.837
      7Japan25.220
      8Russia23.350
      9Germany22.252
      10France21.613
      11Canada19.642
      12Thailand15.750
      13Netherlands14.762
      14Italy14.633
      15Indonesia13.801
      16UK13.551
      17Korea13.515
      18Turkey12.995
      19Iran12.000
      20Vietnam12.000
      21Phillipines11.917
      22South Africa11.027
      23Argentina10.115
      24Poland8.255
      25Taiwan7.893
      26Australia7.548
      27Pakistan7.410
      28Ireland6.728
      29Belgium6.281
      30Colombia5.500
      31Egypt5.400
      32Venezula5.315
      33Ukraine5.160
      34Saudi Arabia4.530
      35Chile4.523
      36Malaysia4.400
      37Denmark4.200
      38Algeria4.000
      39Belarus4.000
      40Hungary3.832
      41Israel3.500
      42Peru3.391
      43Serbia3.391
      44Greece and Cyprus3.221
      45Portugal3.085
      46Morocco2.995
      47Norway2.940
      48Bangladesh2.730
      49Romania2.295
      50Ecuador2.245
      51Czech Republic1.986
      52Bosnia1.962
      53Sweden1.925
      54Nigeria1.900
      55Uruguay1.419
      56Finland1.395
      57Paraguay1.345
      58Bolivia1.313
      59Kazakhstan1.280
      60Switzerland1.265
      61Dominican Republic1.162
      62Guatemala1.137
      63Jordan1.100
      64Libya1.060
      65Albania1.000
      66Tunisia1.000
      67Austria0.965
      68Kenya0.955
      69New Zealand0.899
      70Bulgaria0.887
      71Dubai0.850
      72Costa Rica0.821
      73UAE0.767
      74Croatia0.750
      75Cuba0.750
      76El Salvador0.744
      77Nepal0.739
      78Honduras0.703
      79Iraq0.700
      80Sri Lanka0.615
      81Myanmar0.600
      82Slovakia0.600
      83Panama0.568
      84Lebanon0.500
      85Macedonia0.500
      86Moldova0.500
      87Uzbekistan0.500
      88Armenia0.500
      89Estonia0.480
      90Uganda0.467
      91Oman0.464
      92Lithuania0.462
      93Slovenia0.450
      94Jamaica0.320
      95Azerbaijan0.320
      96Nicaragua0.318
      97Puerto Rico0.276
      98Tanzania0.258
      99Zambia0.240
      100Latvia0.234
      101Reunion0.230
      102Kuwait0.230
      103Georgia0.200
      104Kyrgyzstan0.200
      105Turkish Cyprus0.200
      106Cote D'ivoire0.160
      107Bahrain0.150
      108Caribbean0.146
      109Senegal0.125
      110Turkmenistan0.101
      111Ghana0.100
      112Kosovo0.100
      113Sudan0.100
      114Trinidad & Tobago0.094
      115Iceland0.090
      116Mauritius0.090
      117Haiti0.090
      118Luxembourg0.090
      119Malta0.080
      120Botswana0.057
      121Namibia0.052
      122Zimbabwe0.040
      123Barbados0.039
      124Mozambique0.030
      125Guyana0.022
      126Seychelles0.015
      127Suriname0.012
      128Bahamas0.008
      129Cameroon0.000
      130Lesotho0.000
      131Mongolia0.000
      132Montenegro0.000
      133San Marino0.000
      134Singapore0.000

       

      Among the 134 countries reviewed, China was once again the leading producer of feed with 198.3 million tons manufactured in the official estimate of more than 10,000 feed mills. Consistent with late 2011 assessments, the United States and Brazil followed in second and third places, with 168.5 million tons from 5,251 feed mills and 66 million tons from 1,237 feed mills respectively.

       

      No.CountryNumber of Feed MillsTotal Tonnage
      1China10.000198.34
      2USA5.251168.46
      3Brazil1.23766.285
      4Mexico43028.536
      5Spain70028.231
      6India86226.837
      7Japan15625.22
      8Russia50023.35
      9Germany34022.252
      10France29421.613
      11Canada7219.642
      12Thailand3015.75
      13Netherlands5014.762
      14Italy34014.633
      15Indonesia7013.801
      16UK34013.551
      17Korea4113.515
      18Turkey35012.995
      19Iran24012
      20Vietnam23012

       

      Asia continues to be the world’s leading feed producing region at 356 million tons. One region, however, exceeded Asia in percent growth over 2011 results. Africa was found to be the fastest growing area in terms of tons of feed manufactured, increasing its tonnage 19 percent from 47 million in 2011 to 56 million in 2012. The Middle East was estimated to have the largest feed mills, with an average of more than 63,000 tons produced per mill.

       

      Continent/Region Total Tonnage
      Asia356 Million
      Europe207 Million
      North America188 Million
      Latin America137 Million
      Middle East/Africa56 Million
      Other10 Million
      Total954 Million

       

      RegionTotal Number of Feed MillsTotal TonnageAverage Tonnage per region
      Africa7943030500038168
      Asia1214935654200029347
      Europe444920840000046842
      Latin America297513704800046067
      Middle East3852541100066003
      North America532318810200035338
      Other165859300052079
      Total2624095440100036372

       

       

      Number of Feed Mills (Estimate): 26,240

      Total Tonnage (million) 2012: 954.4

       

      When analyzed by species, poultry continues to dominate with a 44 percent share of the feed market at 417.8 million tons, likely due to religious and taste preferences as well as cost. It grew by approximately 10 percent over 2011 estimates. Sixty percent of all poultry tonnage is dedicated to broilers, with the rest fed to egg layers, turkeys, duck and other fowl.

      Total Tonnage per million
      PigRuminantPoultryAquaOther
      DairyBeefCalfOther RuminantsLayersBroilersTurkeysOther PoultryPetsHorse
      130.797.91.422.5141.1246.113.217.2
      218.1252.6417.834.420.410.8

       

      SpeciesTotal Tonnage
      Poultry418 Million
      Ruminant253 Million
      Pig218 Million
      Aqua34 Million
      Pet20 Million
      Equine11 Million
      Total954 Million

       

      The pig feed sector matched poultry’s 8 percent growth, moving to 218 million tons globally. The ruminant feed market, comprising dairy, beef and small ruminants, grew more than 13 percent between late 2011 and December 2012, and now requires 254 million tons. Equine feed tonnage increased almost 17 percent to 10.8 million tons.

      Aquaculture grew nearly 16 percent since 2011. Pet food represents 20.5 million tons, 40 percent of which are produced in the United States, but Brazil continues to make considerable advances in this sector.


      Top 20 detailed results:
      Country No. of Feed Mills Total Tonnes (million) 2012PigRuminantPoultryAquaOther
      DairyBeefCalf Other LayersBroilersTurkeys Other PetsHorse
      China 10,000198.3458.1435.530029.42001113.310
      USA 5,251168.4623.5919.5123.410.1023.0957.226.540186
      Brazil 1,237 66.2815.45.12.905.133.20.840 0.632.50.61
      Mexico430 28.54 4.21 4.613.0270.454.5610.3400 0.210.710.42
      Spain700 28.2313.242.942.341.630.450 0.10 0.370.23
      India862 26.840 5.850 0.01 7.01 10.4600.0013.50.0020.002
      Japan15625.22 6.11 3.34.5980.05 6.39 3.9500.05 0.43 0.31 0.02
      Russia50023.356.221.7503.89.40.20000
      Germany340 22.259.200 0.156.42.13.30000.70.4
      France294 21.615.73.121.55 0.360.62.33.51.441.67 0.121 0.25
      Canada72 19.644100.780.180.80.960.180.180.76 1.220.58
      Thailand3015.7560.60.200.7600.31.60.250.1
      Holland50 14.765.500 0.652.82.82.50000.310.2
      Italy340 14.633.52.021.7550.15 0.233.52.7500 0.100.57 0.05
      Indonesia70 13.800.50.600.05 5.06 6.1900.11.300
      UK340 13.55 1.51 2.730.980.001 0.9 1.79 3.29 0.52 0.81 0.140.7 0.18
      Korea41 13.51 4.61 1.114.2240 1.68 1.78000.1200
      Turkey35012.9905.51.701.54000.250.0450
      Iran24012030.9044000.100
      Vietnam230126.5 0.1200 0.85 1.200.362.9200



      The 2012 assessment identified a total of 26,240 feed mills globally, with Asia and North America being home to more than half of them. Sixty percent of the feed produced is pelleted, and this is even more prevalent in Europe.

       
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